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ON THIS DAY, 1809...

On the 12th of February, 1809, Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire. A British naturalist and biologist, he is best known for his contributions to the theory of evolution through natural selection. Darwin's groundbreaking work laid the foundation for the modern understanding of biodiversity and the interconnectedness of all life forms on Earth.

Darwin's most famous publication is his 1859 book 'On the Origin of Species,' in which he presented his theory of evolution. This theory proposed that species evolve over time through natural selection, where individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on those traits to their offspring. This mechanism allows species to adapt to their environments and gradually change over generations.

Darwin's ideas revolutionized biology and profoundly affected genetics, ecology, and anthropology. His work sparked intense debate and controversy at the time, challenging prevailing religious and scientific views of the origin of species.

Throughout his life, Darwin conducted extensive research and collected evidence to support his theory of evolution.

He travelled on the HMS Beagle expedition (1831–1836), during which he made numerous observations and collected specimens from around the world. These experiences provided crucial insights into the diversity of life and the processes of natural selection.

Charles Darwin's contributions to science are widely celebrated, and his ideas continue to shape our understanding of the natural world. He died on April 19, 1882, in Downe, Kent, England, leaving behind a lasting legacy as one of the most influential figures in the history of science.


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